Bibliographic data

Salinas García, Telmo: Historia des Perú y del Mundo. Lima: 1979, 268–269.

The Andean, Egyptian and Greek cultures

[p. 268]



If we take into account that human civilisation is the result of the contributions rendered by different populations throughout history, then we should not be surprised to find similarities between the current situation in Peru, and the changes that are currently taking place, and many things done by other cultures. We should be even less surprised by the fundamental differences, even from the Andean culture in which present-day Peruvian culture is rooted.

Therefore we will limit ourselves to discussing just a few of the differences and similarities. In questionnaire Nr. 38 we will introduce a few questions designed to help you discover some other similarities and differences for yourselves, whereby you will need to remember what you have learnt about the other cultures we have discussed. Through discussions with your fellow pupils you will be able to find further similarities and differences.

Similarities with Andean culture: The division of the land, the significance of agriculture, the collaborative nature of the work; the economy aimed at satisfying the needs of the people .

Differences : In the Inca empire the agricultural land belonged to the state: whereas through our agricultural reforms ownership of the land is transferred to those who cultivate it; the growing use of technology in agriculture today.

Similarities with Egyptian culture : the work a to control the river waters in order to irrigate the land; the irrigation systems to gain new land.

Differences :the more difficult, and in comparison wth the Nile region, more diverse, Peruvian territory b .


[p. 269]


Similarities with Greek culture : the Greeks, particularly the Athenians, participated in the governance of their state or polis c . In modern Peru all Peruvians are encouraged to participate in national life. You can find the main differences yourself: did all Greeks participate in the administration of their cities or the majority?


[a] Translator´s note: the activities.

[b] Translator´s note: National territory.

[c] Editor´s note: City state in ancient Greece.


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