Bibliographic data

Goerlitz, Erich; Tenbrock, Robert-Hermann: Die geschichtlichen Grundlagen der Gegenwart, 1776 bis heute. Vol. 2. Zeiten und Menschen. Paderborn; Hanover: Schroedel Verlag, 1976, 401–402.

"Churchill: Speech, Zurich (19th of September 1946)"

[p. 401]

19 Adress given by Churchill (Zurich, September 19th 1946)

We must build a kind of United States of Europe. In this way only will hundreds of millions of toilers be able to regain the simple joys and hopes which make life worth living. The process is simple…

There is also that immense body which was brought into being amidst high hopes after the First World War — the League of Nations. The League did not fail because of its principles or conceptions. It failed because those principles were deserted by those states which brought it into being…

And why should there not be a European group which could give a sense of enlarged patriotism and common citizenship to the distracted peoples of this mighty continent? And why should it not take its rightful place with other great groupings and help to shape the honourable destiny of man? In order that this may be accomplished there must be an act of faith

[p. 402]

in which the millions of families speaking many languages must consciously take part.

I am now going to say something that will astonish you. The first step in the re-creation of the European family must be a partnership between France and Germany. In this way only can France recover the moral and cultural leadership of Europe. There can be no revival of Europe without a spiritually great France and a spiritually great Germany. The structure of the United States of Europe will be such as to make the material strength of a single State less important. Small nations will count as much as large ones and gain their honour by a contribution to the common cause. The ancient States and principalities of Germany, freely joined for mutual convenience in a federal system, might take their individual places among the United States of Europe…

Translation taken from: Winston Churchill, speech delivered at the University of Zurich, 19 September 1946. Online Council of Europe - Conseil de l'Europe (06.05.2014), (29.09.2017).

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