Bibliographic data

Hapsari, Ratna; Adil, M.: Sejarah Indonesia, Kelompok Wajib. Vol. 2. Penerbit Erlangga, 2013, 62.

"Enforced planting in Java and the struggle to attain a monopoly on trade in Sumatra"

[p. 62]

Enforced Planting in Java and the struggle to attain a monopoly on trade in Sumatra


This system of exploitation had never previously in the history of Dutch colonisation been taken to such extremes. A senior officer stated that under the system of enforced planting a the peasants were forced to work 4 or 5 times more than they had been accustomed to before 1830.

The majority of farmers had to work for the cultuurstelsel b for more than 150 days every year. Their wages were minimal and they were burdened with very high taxes. Dutch and European capitalism was literally built on the sweat and blood of thousands of farmers in the East Indies.

It is therefore no exaggeration to say that the system of enforced planting was a policy causative of the worst economic exploitation that took place in Dutch India. […]

[a] Translator's note: In the original text an abbreviation for enforced planting is used.

[b] Editor’s note: Cultuurstelsel is the Dutch expression for a cultivation system applied by the Dutch colonial government in Mid 19th century. The expression Tanam Paksa , or enforced planting, refers to the same system.


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