Bibliographic data

Hohmann, Walter; Schiefer, Wilhelm: Von der deutschen Ostsiedlung bis zu den Anfängen Bismarcks. Volk und Reich der Deutschen. Geschichtsbuch für Oberschulen und Gymnasien, Kl. 7. Frankfurt am Main: Otto Salle Verlag, 2. Aufl., 1943, 45–46.

European Expansion in the Early Modern Period

[p. 45]

Second Part:The dawn of a new era

I. Broadening of horizons through crusades and discoveries

1.Effect of the crusades


2. The discoveries

[p. 46]

Following the discoveries, continents stepped out of their separation and were tied together through the Europeans. The Europeans and European culture began their triumphal procession over the earth. The most magnificent migration of people was deployed. A continuoulsy strengthening current of conquerors and plunderers, later of colonists, flowed from Europe into the new lands. Slave trade and slave hunting in unprecedented dimensions dragged Negros to America to be a workforce. Long-established, and in part, highly advanced cultures such as the Inca Empire in Peru and the Aztec Empire in Mexico were destroyed. The influx of precious metals completely replaced the barter economy. Large industry began to grow through incipient export to the colonies. The concentration of commerce-trade shifted to the Atlantic coast, initially to Portugal (Lisbon) and Spain. The Mediterranean and therewith the old locations of maritime trade, Venice and Genoa, lost their previous importance. The European lifestyle was considerably altered through the articles exported from overseas (potatoes, corn, cocoa; rice, tea, sugar, spices; coffee; cotton). Immigrants covertly brought their house pets and plants to the new lands and completely changed the character of some landscapes. The sciences were enriched and cultivated, as well as geography, ethnology, natural sciences.


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