Bibliographic data

Gambón, Vicente: Suplemento á las Lecciones de historia argentina. Buenos Aires: Ángel Estrada y Cía., 1905, 89–90.

"Immigration to Argentina"

[p. 89]

This astonishing population increase mainly comes from immigration , which has risen to a remarkable extent during the last years. From 1857 to 1903 approximately two million immigrants came to the Republic, who in 1904 augmented the population by 90.000 individuals, a value which had not been reached since 1890. In the last decade, more than one million arrived at our beaches. This movement is easily understood considering the advantages the immigration law from 1875 grants to those who come with the intention to work in the country. According to this law, the immigrant receives: 1. Free passage, and board and lodging, for free, too, for the first week upon arrival: 2. Transfer paid by the Nation to where he wants to settle down: 3. Exemption from duty for his equipment, clothes and furniture: 4. A plot of land of one hundred hectares for the first hundred settlers, if they are head of the family. The others receive the land for 10 $ per hectare, payable in ten annual instalments counting from the second year of settlement: 5. Animals for production and for breeding, seed and tools, for at least one year for all

[p. 90]

families settling in agricultural colonies.

In view of such favorable conditions, which make it easy for the colon to come into property, it is not surprising that the immigrant finds conditions of wealth in the Republic which other countries do not offer to him. However, the problem of immigrations has not been solved yet in our country. Most of the immigrants do not bring more assets with them than those of their arms and a lot of them make the Republic a land of adventure and speculation, without any other ambition than gathering a small fortune in order to go back to their country of birth, or staying here as a prowling and unproductive element, turning into a troublesome disturbing factor the day it pleases to unscrupulous profiteers to call on them to give substance to strikes and workers’ upheavals, which really is really insane in a country, where, so far there is no reason for the conflict between capital and labor.


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