Violent Conflict and Peace

The subject area “Violent conflict and Peace” contains textbook excerpts concerning wars of global significance as well as transnational and regional conflicts. The depictions of these events highlight the capacity of WorldViews to bring together the heterogeneous narratives of different countries, allowing them to participate in the presentation of a common history. Some textbook narratives dissociate themselves, retrospectively, from a partisan perspective in respect to violent conflicts of the past. In other cases partisan affiliations have become so ingrained that this positioning remains unquestioned after the end of armed conflicts. By way of contrast, this subject also encompasses depictions of peace processes and political negotiations that portray past and current endeavours for peaceful coexistence.

Heterogeneity of Societies

The subject area “Heterogeneity of Societies” contains textbook extracts focusing on the societal status quo, which is often characterised by diversity in both past and present-day societies. The term “diversity” can be applied to a variety of different categories. An example is the phenomenon of migration. It can, on the one hand, be part of the national identity of a country or, on the other hand, be used as focal point to start debates about discrimination and dissociation.

Constructions of Space and Belonging

The subject area “Constructions of Space and Belonging” contains textbook extracts dealing with geographically or spatially-related internal and external labelling processes. Labels used include constructs such as Europe, the Arab world, the Orient, or the Global South, but also concepts such as identity or the nation state. National concepts and models of identification are often shaped by depictions of belonging or exclusion and are reflected in textbooks in a number of different ways. zzz

Demographic Groups

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