Source

Bibliographic data

García Gonzalez, Juan; García Gonzalez, Luis: Resumen de Geografía Historia y Cívica. Vol. 3. Quito: Editora Andina, 1985, 35, 38.

"Countries of the European Economic Community"


[p. 35]

COUNTRIES OF THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY:

SCIENTIFIC, TECHNOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT;

AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION AND TOURISM

COUNTRIES OF THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY. – The European Economic Community, generally known by the name of the European Single Market, was created with the Treaty of Rome, signed on March 25th, 1957, and implemented in January 1958. Initially, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Holland and the Federal Republic of Germany were integrated. In January 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom or Great Britain were incorporated, later, in 1979, Greece joined as well and acceded definitely in January 1981; at last also Spain and Portugal became integrated into this organisation on March 29th of 1985.

The European Economic Community is directed by a Council, consisting of one minister of every member state and the Commission, constituted of thirteen elected members of the community agreed on in the Council of Ministers. These two bodies are obligatorily advised by the Economic and Social Council and the advisory committee, and by other specialised bodies.

The organisation has the following principle aims: the establishment of a single market; the progressive reduction of customs tariffs; the free circulation of capital, labour and goods, obliged only to the respective commercial and social legislations; the establishment of a common agricultural policy; the support of the industrial development; and the continuous and balanced expansion of the economic activities of the Community.

The importance of the European Economic Community is justified by the fact that its external trade represents more than thirty percent of global trade, that it possesses the most advanced technology after the United States and that it is on the first place in some sectors.

SCIENTIFIC, TECHNOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT. –

The countries which constitute the European Economic Community have had an extraordinary scientific, technological and cultural development in this last quarter of the century.

[…]

[p. 38]

In the major part of the countries which form the European Economic Community, the use of computers , which are used in most parts of the industry and businesses has risen significantly. Furthermore, the era of robots has begun, especially in the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic of Germany, whose technology is soon going to extend to the other countries of the Community.

It is estimated that the robots are highly computerized intelligent brains that are going to shape a great part of the 21. Century, to which the most difficult and risky tasks are handed over, which humans could only hardly fulfill, such as; in mines, space centers, laboratories, maintenance of large companies and shopping centers, etc.

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