Source

Bibliographic data

García Aparicio, Benjamín: Geografía física y económica de la República Argentina. Alsina y Bolívar, Librería del colegio, 1918, 147–148.

"Immigration and Emigration"


[p. 147]

[...]

Immigration and Emigration.

Our nation represents a first-rate centre for immigration, both for its excellent geographical location and for the generosity exercised by its institutions.

The constitution stipulates that foreign citizens in the Argentinian territory enjoy all civil liberties accorded to Argentinian nationals without obligation to take Argentinian nationality or the compulsion to pay taxes. So that every resident, whether national subject or foreign national has the right to work and practice a lawful trade, to move freely, to trade, to enter national territory and stay there, travel within it and to leave it, to express their opinions in the press, to use and dispose of property, to associate freely for beneficial purposes, to have free religious affiliation, to teach and to study. In addition the immigration law a protects hard-working and respectable immigrants 1 by making it easier for them to move here

[p. 148]

and by offering comfortable and hygienic accommodation, including meals, for the first five days after docking.

The law also allows for the voyage and travel costs of immigrants who wish to settle here, to be borne by the nation.

Immigration is fundamentally important for young, sparsely populated countries such as ours because it stimulates production, develops industries and trade and strengthens communities by introducing new ethnic elements from other nations who are strong workers and civilised 2

It is estimated that in the immigration and emigration movements of the last 50 years five million foreigners have entered the country and two million have left which signifies a net gain for the country of three million. This considerable number of foreign elements received by our nation b consists primarily of Italians followed in decreasing order by Spaniards, French, English, Austrians, Germans etc.

[...]

[1] [Textbook's footnote no. 1, p. 147:] An immigrant is every foreigner, whether day labourer, craftsman, industrialist or teacher, who is under 60 years of age, can provide evidence of his good-standing and skills and who arrives in the republic by steamer or sailing ship in order to settle here and who pays for a 2nd or 3rd class crossing or whose travel is paid for by the country, or the province or private company supporting the immigration and settlement. Article 12 of the Law on Emigration and Settlement.

[2] [Textbook's footnote no. 1, p. 148:] "Since regular statistics have been compiled of the people arriving by sea, said the director of the immigration department Mr. Juan A. Alsina, 2,832,175 have been counted from overseas, those that have travelled overland cannot be counted, even though they may add to the above number. The number of skills and the amount of talent, knowledge, artistic, industrial and agricultural expertise, knowledge necessary for every area of human endeavour and the capital attracted and employed by this immigration explain how the changes to the country have come about as well as the increase in general prosperity apparent from the second census of the nation." Chapter of the immigration, census of 1895.

[a] Translator’s note: Law 817 on immigration and settlement came into force in 1876 and was named the Avellaneda Law after the Argentinian president at that time.

[b] Translator’s note: In the original Spanish text, it says nationality .

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